Turkish Libya Agreement Map

ISTANBUL/ANKARA (Reuters) – Libya`s internationally recognized government and Turkey have signed an agreement on maritime borders in the Mediterranean, which could complicate Ankara`s disputes over energy exploration with other countries. Under the agreement, Turkey and the UN-recognised Libyan government have recorded enhanced cooperation. This cooperation ranges from Turkey`s offshore exploration efforts to supporting the Government of National Unity in the ongoing Libyan civil war (2014-present). [22] Given that the problems arising from the dispute are still evolving, it remains to be seen the full consequences of this maritime dispute. Athens has tried to highlight these distortions at the highest diplomatic level. However, since it was a bilateral agreement between two internationally recognized governments, its objections were excluded in order to achieve limited results. Turkey is not a signatory to the 1982 UN Convention on the Settlement of Maritime Borders and does not recognise the Southern Republic of Cyprus and its agreements on an exclusive economic zone with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel. Fahrettin Altun, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s communications director, tweeted this week that the military deal would “improve the security of the Libyan people.” Details of the memoranda signed on Wednesday, however, have yet to be published. Earlier this month, when it appeared that Germany had brought the two sides together, Greece and Egypt signed an overlapping maritime agreement on the eve of talks with Turkey. Last year, on the 27th The principles of the Convention on the Law of the Sea were brought closer together on 1 November, when Turkey and Libya signed a maritime agreement established by the EEZ of the two countries. Greek Prime Minister Mitsotakis hopes to gain the support of the White House during his visit to the United States and strengthen his position on the EEZ delimitation agreement between Egypt and Greece.

The EU assured that it would stand by the Greek Cypriot duo on this issue, called on Turkey to act in accordance with the European Neighbourhood Policy and stressed that the text of the treaty should be published. Southern Cyprus, meanwhile, has announced that it will prepare an appeal to the International Court of Justice. However, in accordance with article 59 of the Convention, “the conflict should be resolved on the basis of justice and taking into account all relevant circumstances, taking into account the importance of the interests concerned for the parties and for the international community as a whole”. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg answered a question about Turkey`s drilling activities in the Eastern Mediterranean on the way to the NATO summit in London in 2019. “Both Greece and Turkey are valued allies and both contribute to our common security. There are some differences of opinion and I am pleased that there are bilateral contacts trying to address these differences,” Stoltenberg said, adding that NATO was not part of these bilateral discussions. He also said that one of the reasons NATO has succeeded is that it does not participate “in all the difficult issues” of the region. This is an indication that the Greeks are spinning their wheels, if at all. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said new relations with Libya “would allow Turkey to legally drill on the Libyan continental shelf with the Tripoli agreement.

With this new agreement between Turkey and Libya, we can conduct joint exploration operations in these exclusive economic zones that we have defined. There is no problem. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, does not respect the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries”. [3] Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “inconclusive” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence between the Turkish-Libyan coasts of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes. [4] John McCarrick, Assistant Secretary of the United States…

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