Dayton Agreement Parties

The safe location was chosen to remove all parties from their comfort zone, without which they would have little incentive to negotiate; reduce their ability to negotiate through the media; and safely accommodate more than 800 employees and guardians. The limitation of participants` ability to negotiate through the media was a particularly important aspect. Richard Holbrooke tried to prevent leaks to the press from positioning themselves. Holbrooke used a wide selection of carrots and whips to make the conflict “ripe” for peace. [3] The agreement is known as the Dayton Agreement, since negotiations took place at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base outside Of Dayton, Ohio. The trial was led by Richard Holbrooke, the U.S. chief negotiator, and Secretary of State Warren Christopher. The implementation of Article IV was defined in the Florence Agreement of 14 June 1996. It sets ceilings for five categories of armament (battle tanks, armoured vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and helicopter gunships) for former belligerents. Peace has lasted since the signing of the Dayton Accords. Annex 4 of the General Framework Agreement is still considered to be a constituent for Bosnia and Herzegovina and remains the basis of Bosnia and Herzegovina`s current political divisions and governmental structure.

The agreement also laid the groundwork for NATO`s military action in Kosovo in 1999, which has since led to the province`s independence. Serbian leader Milošević was arrested for war crimes and died in 2006 during his trial of a natural death. The Bosnian peace plan was hard-won, but it would end four bloody years that have left more than 250,000 dead and driven more than two million people to flee their homes. The final agreement paid tribute to the capabilities of Holbrooke and its negotiating team; Secretary of State Christopher, who, on critical points, was instrumental in keeping the Bosniaks on board and concluding the agreement; Anthony Lake, who helped sell the peace initiative to the parties concerned and who, together with Holbrooke, insisted that the final talks take place in the United States; To the Deputy National Security Advisor, Mr. Samuel Berger, who chaired the meetings of the Committee of Deputies, who briefed people on the national security operations of other nations of what happened without much interference; and UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright, who effectively defended the united States` strong position in the world Organization. For the peace agreement to work, it had to be implemented. This required the support of other countries. Six days after the initialling of the agreement, President Clinton took his case to the American people for the American engagement in Bosnia.

Clinton said in the Oval Office that U.S. diplomacy produced the Dayton Accords and that U.S. troops were invited to help the parties implement the peace plan. He said peace in the Balkans was in America`s interest and assured the American people that since 25 other nations had already agreed to participate in a 60,000 military force, only a third of the troops would be American. The general framework agreement of 11 annexes was officially signed on 14th December in Paris by the parties and witnesses of President Clinton, French President Jacques Chirac, British Prime Minister John Major, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. The agreement called on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to agree to fully respect sovereign equality and settle disputes by peaceful means. In addition, the parties agreed to fully respect human rights and the rights of refugees and displaced persons. Finally, the Parties agreed to cooperate fully with all bodies empowered by the UN Security Council, including those empowered by the UN Security Council, to implement the peace settlement and to investigate and prosecute war crimes and other violations of international humanitarian law. . .

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